Virginia State Electric Bike Laws

Electric bicycles have been a true breakthrough for economical and eco-friendly vehicles. If you want to make sure that what you’re doing is completely legal and rational, we advise looking into the Virginia state electric bike laws. If you don’t know yet, every state in the United States of America has different guidelines, so make sure you’re aware of them.

How does the state of Virginia declares what an electric bike is.


Virginia’s definition of an electric bike says that an e-bike is a power-assisted bike traveling on one, two, or three wheels. It has to be in contact with the ground and equipped with pedals and an electric motor with strength up to 1000 W. 

The Virginia classification of electric bikes divides them into three categories:

  • class 1 - bikes that have a motor providing assistance only when you’re pedaling and only up to 20 miles per hour
  • class 2 - bikes with throttle-activated assistance, providing speed and power up to 20 miles per hour
  • class 3 - electric bikes that assist when you’re pedaling, but only up to 28 miles per hour


Key Points

How powerful can my bike be? If you want to use powerful electric bikes, you’ll enjoy Virginia’s laws. They allow the motor power specifications to rise to 1000 W.

Do I need a license or insurance? No, Virginia has no licensing guidelines, and you don’t need to have a registration either.

Do I need to wear a helmet? If you are under 18, you need to have one. It doesn’t matter whether you’re the driver or the passenger. You need to have a helmet, as advised for riders over 18.

Are there age restrictions to look out for? For example, if you are under 14, you can only ride electric bikes under the supervision of a friend or family member who is over 18 years old.

Can I ride on the road? You can use your e-bike on all roadways that welcome vehicles riding up to 25 miles per hour. You can also ride on bike paths but avoid pedestrian traffic.

Can I modify my bike? Yes! It’s advised that people with class 3 bikes add a speedometer to the bike, and everyone should have white lights at the front and red lights in the back. You cannot modify the bike’s speed or power to exceed the allowed limits.

Are there any forbidden stunts? Don’t try to cling to other vehicles when you’re in traffic. You also have to follow all of the rules that apply to other drivers and riders.

What about mountain bikes? Although you generally advise contacting The Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation to get the newest info, you can also consider electric mountain bikes welcome where motorized vehicles are a norm.


The Virginia state electric bike laws suggest that you be careful when riding around pedestrians and riding where non-motorized vehicles ride. Still, we suggest that you follow the guidelines above and consult your local authorities if you have any questions. Rules do change over time.


Virginia E-Bike Laws PDF file.

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